SLEEP APNEA DEVICES
Porcelain crowns are fixed prosthetic tooth devices that mimic natural teeth in appearance and function. If a tooth is partially intact with a solid root, a crown can be cemented to the top of the tooth to prevent further damage and repair appearance. If a tooth is missing entirely, crowns can be used in combination with dental implants to create completely organic-feeling new tooth and root structures.
Pedram Navab, DO
American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology - Neurology
American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology - Sleep Medicine
Medical Education - Western University of Health Sciences (Medicine)
Internship - University of Arizona College of Medicine Tucson (Internal Medicine)
Residency - University of Arizona College of Medicine Tucson (Neurology)
Fellowship - Stanford Hospital & Clinics (Sleep Medicine)
ARE THERE RISKS TO SLEEP APNEA?
There are many risk factors for sleep apnea. Some risk factors, such as unhealthy lifestyle habits and environments, can be changed. Other risk factors, such as age, family history and genetics, race and ethnicity, and sex, cannot be changed. Healthy lifestyle changes can decrease your risk for developing sleep apnea.
Sleep apnea can occur at any age. The risk for sleep apnea increases as you get older. In younger adults, sleep apnea is more common in men than in women, but the difference decreases later in life. Normal age-related changes in how the brain controls breathing during sleep partially explain the increased risk as you get older. Another possible reason is that as we age, more fatty tissue builds up in the neck and the tongue.
UNHEALTHY LIFESTYLE HABITS:
Drinking alcohol, smoking, and overweight or obesity can increase your risk for sleep apnea.
Alcohol can increase relaxation of the muscles in the mouth and throat, closing the upper airway. It can also affect how the brain controls sleep or the muscles involved in breathing.
Smoking can cause inflammation in the upper airway, affecting breathing, or it can affect how the brain controls sleep or the muscles involved in breathing.
Unhealthy eating patterns and lack of physical activity can lead to overweight and obesity, which can result in sleep apnea.
FAMILY HISTORY AND GENETICS
Researchers have identified family history as a risk factor for sleep apnea, but maintaining a healthy lifestyle can decrease this risk. Studies in twins have shown that sleep apnea can be inherited. Some of the gene related to sleep apnea are associated with the structural development of the face and skull and with how the brain controls sleep and breathing during sleep. Some genes are also associated with obesity and inflammation.